Vol. 36 Núm. 2 (2016)
Artículo

El argumento de la pobreza del estímulo, una vez más

Publicado noviembre 1, 2016
Palabras clave
  • Innatismo,
  • Especificidad de dominio,
  • Gramática universal

Resumen

El argumento más conocido en favor del innatismo de ciertas estructuras mentales sigue siendo el ‘Argumento de la Pobreza del estímulo’ (APE). La idea general del APE es que el conocimiento que se requiere para desarrollar una cierta capacidad cognitiva excede en gran medida la información disponible en el entorno, de manera que el organismo contribuye con información innata. Un examen de la literatura del APE lingüístico muestra que aún no está del todo claro qué clase de argumento es y lo que realmente muestra. Mi objetivo en este trabajo es ofrecer un diagnóstico de la estrategia innatista que utiliza el APE. Así, distingo tres tipos de APE y argumento, en primer lugar, que la versión más apropiada, según ciertos criterios empíricos y teóricos, no parece ser suficiente para el innatismo lingüístico y, en segundo lugar, que para ser suficiente, suele complementarse con un argumento ‘de sillón’, cuya consecuencia es que convierte al innatismo en una hipótesis empírica debilitada.

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