Vol. 41 Núm. 1 (2021)

Hacia nuevos derechos humanos en la era de la neurociencia y la neurotecnología

Marcello Ienca
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH), Dept. of Health Sciences and Technology, Zurich, Switzerland.
Roberto Andorno
School of Law & Institute of Biomedical Ethics and History of Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Publicado 2021-05-01


Los rápidos avances en neurociencia y neurotecnología abren un conjunto de posibilidades sin precedentes en el acceso, colecta, diseminación y manipulación de datos del cerebro humano. Estos desarrollos plantean importantes desafíos a los derechos humanos que deben abordarse para evitar consecuencias no deseadas. Este trabajo evalúa las implicaciones de los diferentes usos de las neurotecnologías en relación a los derechos humanos y sugiere que el marco actual de derechos humanos puede no ser suficiente para responder a estos desafíos emergentes. Después de analizar la relación entre neurociencia y derechos humanos, identificamos cuatro nuevos derechos que pueden ser de gran relevancia en las próximas décadas: el derecho a la libertad cognitiva, el derecho a la privacidad mental, el derecho a la integridad mental y el derecho a la continuidad psicológica.


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