Vol. 42 Núm. 2 (2022)

Contextualismo sexual

Sarah S. Richardson
Department of the History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA

Publicado 2022-11-11

Palabras clave

  • Sex,
  • Sex Essentialism,
  • Gender,
  • Preclinical Research,
  • SABV
  • Sexo,
  • Esencialismo sexual,
  • Género,
  • Investigación preclínica,
  • SABV


En este artículo se desarrolla el marco conceptual del “contextualismo sexual” para el estudio de las variables relacionadas con el sexo en la investigación biomédica. El contextualismo sexual ofrece una alternativa a los enfoques sexuales binarios y esencialistas del estudio del sexo como variable biológica. Específicamente, el contextualismo sexual reconoce el pluralismo y la especificidad contextual que tienen las operacionalizaciones de “sexo” a través de la investigación experimental de laboratorio. A la luz de recientes normativas para la consideración del sexo como variable biológica, el contextualismo sexual ofrece una guía constructiva a los/as investigadores/as biomédicos/as para abordar la variación biológica relacionada con el sexo. En tanto alternativa y crítica al esencialismo binario del sexo biológico, el contextualismo sexual contribuye a los debates actuales en filosofía de la biología, estudios feministas de la ciencia y ontología social en torno a la construcción de categorías de la diferencia sexual/genérica en la investigación científica.


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