Vol. 39 Núm. 1 (2019)
Artículo

Sobre el significado literal de los nombres propios

Nicolás Lo Guercio
IIF-SADAF-CONICET

Publicado 2019-05-01

Palabras clave

  • Semantics,
  • Predicativism,
  • Uniformity Argument
  • Semántica,
  • Predicativismo,
  • Argumento de la uniformidad

Resumen

Uno de los principales argumentos en favor del predicativismo metalingüístico es el argumento de la uniformidad. El artículo discute una de sus premisas, de acuerdo con la cual la ‘Being Called Condition’ proporciona el significado literal de los nombres propios. En primer lugar, se presenta el argumento de la uniformidad. En segundo lugar, se discute el desafío lanzado por Jeshion (2015a) así como la respuesta proporcionada por Tayebi (2018). Se argumenta luego que la respuesta de Tayebi falla. Finalmente, se presentan dos evidencias independientes contra la tesis del significado literal.

Citas

Boër, S. E. (1975), “Proper Names as Predicates”, Philosophical Studies, 27 (6), pp. 389-400.
Borer, H. (2005), In Name Only. Vol. 1 of Structuring Sense, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Burge, T. (1973), “Reference and Proper Names”, The Journal of Philosophy, 70 (14), pp. 425-439.
Cumming, S. (2008), “Variabilism”, Philosophical Review, 117 (4), pp. 525-554.
Elbourne, P. (2002), Situations and Individuals, Boston, Massachusetts, PhD. Dissertation, MIT.
Fara, D. G. (2011), “You can call me “stupid”… just don’t call me stupid”, Analysis, 71, pp. 492-501.
Fara, D. G. (2015a), “Names are Predicates”, Philosophical Review, 124 (1), pp. 59-117.
Fara, D. G. (2015b), “‘Literal’ Uses of Proper Names” in Bianchi, A. (ed.) On Reference, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 251-279.
García-Carpintero, M. (2017), “The Mill-Frege Theory of Proper Names”, Mind, 127 (508), pp. 1107-1168.
Geurts, B. (1997), “Good News about the Description Theory of Names”, Journal of Semantics, 14 (4), pp. 319-348.
Gray, A. (2017), “Names in Strange Places”, Linguistics and Philosophy, 40 (5), pp. 429-472.
Hinzen, W. (2016), “Linguistic Evidence against Predicativism”, Philosophy Compass, 11 (10), pp. 591-608.
Hornsby, J. (1976), “Proper Names: A Defence of Burge”, Philosophical Studies 30 (4), pp. 227-234.
Jeshion, R. (2015a), “Referentialism and Predicativism about Proper Names”, Erkenntnis, 80 (2), pp. 363-404.
Jeshion, R. (2015b), “Names not Predicates”, in Biachi, A. (ed.), On reference, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 223-248.
Jeshion, R. (2017), “’The’ Problem for the-Predicativism”, The Philosophical Review, 126 (2), pp. 219-240.
Kaplan, D. (1989), “Demonstratives”, in Almog, J., Perry, J. y Wettstein, H. (eds.), Themes from Kaplan, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 481-563.
Kneale, W. (1962), “Modality de dicto and de re”, in Nagel, E., Suppes, P. y Tarski, A. (eds.), Logic, Methodology and the Philosophy of Science: Proceedings of the 1960 International Congress, Palo Alto, Stanford University Press, pp. 622-633.
Korta, K. and Perry, J. (2011), Critical Pragmatics: An Inquiry into Reference and Communication, New York, Cambridge University Press.
Kripke, S. (1980), Naming and Necessity, Harvard University Press.
Leckie, G. (2013), “The Double Life of Names”, Philosophical Studies, 165 (3), pp. 1139-1160.
Matushansky, O. (2006), “Why Rose is the Rose: On the Use of Definite Articles in Proper Names”, Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics, 6, pp. 285-307.
Matushansky, O. (2008), “On the Linguistic Complexity of Proper Names”, Linguistics and Philosophy, 31, pp. 573-627.
Matushansky, O. (2015), “The Other Francis Bacon: On Non-BARE Proper Names”, Erkenntnis, 80 (2), pp. 335-362.
Nunberg, G. (1995), “Transfers of Meaning”, Journal of Semantics, 12 (2), pp. 109-132.
Nunberg, G. (2004), “The Pragmatics of Deferred Interpretation”, in Horn, L. and Ward, G. (eds.), Blackwell Encyclopedia of Pragmatics, pp. 344-364.
Pelczar, M. and Rainsbury, J. (1998), “The Indexical Character of Names”, Synthese, 114 (2), pp. 293-317.
Predelli, S. (2005), Contexts: Meaning, Truth, and the Use of Language, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Predelli, S.(2015), “Who’s Afraid of the Predicate Theory of Names?” Linguistics and Philosophy, 38 (4), pp. 363-376.
Recanati, F. (1993), Direct Reference: From Language to Thought, Blackwell.
Rothschild, D. (2007), “The Elusive Scope of Descriptions”, Philosophy Compass, 2 (6), pp. 910-927.
Saab, A. and Lo Guercio, N. (2018), “No Name: The Allosemy View”, Studia Linguistica. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/stul.12116.
Sainsbury, R. M. (2005), Reference without Referents, New York, Oxford University Press.
Salmon, N. U. (1986), Frege’s Puzzle, Cambridge, The MIT Press.
Sawyer, S. (2010), “The Modified Predicate Theory of Proper Names”, in Sawyer, S. (ed.), New Waves in Philosophy of Language, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 206-226.
Schoubye, A. J. (2016), “Type-ambiguous Names”, Mind, 126 (503), pp. 715-767.
Schwartz, F. (2009), Two Types of Definites in Natural Language, Boston, Massachusetts, Ph.D. thesis, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Sloat, C. (1969), “Proper Nouns in English”, Language, 45 (1), pp. 26-30.
Tayebi, S. (2018), “In Defense of the Unification Argument for Predicativism”, Linguistics and Philosophy, 41 (5), pp 557-576.