Vol. 43 Núm. 2 (2023)

¿Es un todo prioritario a sus partes?

Angelo Briones
IIF-SADAF-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Publicado 2023-11-01

Palabras clave

  • Mereology,
  • Identity dependence,
  • Identity criterion,
  • Ontological priority
  • Mereología,
  • Dependencia de identidad,
  • Criterio de identidad,
  • Prioridad ontológica


La presente investigación tiene como objetivo principal exponer un problema de coherencia presente en las teorías que plantean que los todos mereológicos son prioritarios a las partes que lo componen. El argumento central consiste en mostrar que la dependencia de identidad que las partes tienen con los todos que componen —que define la prioridad ontológica del todo respecto a sus partes— implica un principio de identidad a partir del cual se puede establecer que los todos, a su vez, dependen para su identidad de sus partes, por lo tanto las partes son ontológicamente prioritarias respecto al todo que componen. Así, la teoría colapsa en un círculo vicioso que atenta contra la noción misma de dependencia de identidad. Por esta razón, la teoría no puede sostener de manera coherente la tesis de que los todos son ontológicamente prioritarios a sus partes.


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